Out of the Box: Illegal Tying and Google’s Suite of Apps for the Android OS

1 year ago • Publications

Abstract: This paper analyses Google’s practice of bundling certain smartphone applications together in a single suite that smartphone manufacturers pre-install on their devices, which is currently under antitrust scrutiny in multiple jurisdictions. After describing the low burden of proof faced by the European Commission under European tying law, which diverges from modern economic thinking, this […]

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Online Search and the Limits of Market Definition

2 years ago • Publications

Abstract: In this paper I show how the market definition exercise cannot fulfill its role as an indicator of market power in the context of online search. Differentiation on the web is so high and the cost of switching between heterogeneous services is so low that the traditional delineator of relevant market boundaries, namely reasonable substitutability, […]

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